The South consists of the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia,Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina,Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia. The South is perhaps the most distinctive region of the United States, not only because of its history of slavery and the American Civil War, but also for the hospitality, its blues, jazz, rock'n'roll and country music tradition. Florida is one of the most popular destinations in the world, with its tropical Caribbean-influenced Miami, the Everglades swamp, the 1,900 km. (1,200 mi.) of sandy beaches and its many theme parks such as Disney World in Orlando.
The Midwest is often known as America's "Heartland", or "Breadbasket". The region consists of the following states: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan,Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota andWisconsin. The Midwest is home to farmland, forests, picturesque towns, industrial cities, and the Great Lakes, the largest system of freshwater lakes in the world and defining much of the border between the United States andCanada.
The Southwest was once under Spanish and Mexican rule and is heavily influenced by Spanish and Mexican culture. The arid Southwest is home to some of the nation's most spectacular natural attractions, and flourishing artistic communities. Although mostly empty, the region's deserts have some of the nation's best known cities, like Las Vegas. The states that form the Southwest are: Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Oklahoma and Texas.
The West includes the following states: Colorado, California, Idaho, Montana,Oregon, Washington, Wyoming, and the two most recent states: Alaska, one fifth as large as the rest of the United States, and Hawaii, the volcanic archipelago in the tropical Pacific. Americans have long regarded the West as the last frontier, yet California has a history of European settlement older than that of most Midwestern states, and in the 19th century, California and Oregon entered the Union ahead of many states to the east. The West is a region of scenic beauty on a grand scale. In much of the West, the population is sparse and the federal government owns and manages millions of hectares of undeveloped land. Together with the spectacular snow-covered Rocky Mountains, this region offers many opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing, camping, hiking boating, rafting, and excellent snow skiing.
The United States has over 10,000 cities, towns and villages. Among the most notable are: Washington D.C., the national capital and multi-cultural community;Boston, best known for its colonial history, its passion for sports and the university students; Chicago, the heart of the Midwest and notable for its massive skyscrapers and other architectural germs; Los Angeles, home of the film industry, palm-fringed neighborhoods, beaches and sunshine; Miami with its tropical Caribbean-influence; New Orleans, "The Big Easy" and known for its quaint French Quarter and annual Mardi Gras celebration; New York, The United State's largest city and home to the financial services, with world-class cuisine, arts and a diverse population.
Among the largest and most famous tourist destinations outside of major cities are: Denali National Park in Alaska; Grand Canyon in Arizona; Niagara Falls in New York, Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming; Yosemite National Park in California; Disney World in Florida; and Mount Rushmore in South Dakota with 4 former presidents carved into a cliff face.